Cereal β-glucan quantification with calcofluor-application to cell culture supernatants.
Rieder, A., Knutsen, S. H., Ballance, S., Grimmer, S. & Airado-Rodríguez, D. (2012). Carbohydrate Polymers, 90(4), 1564-1572.
The specific binding of the fluorescent dye calcofluor to cereal β-glucan results in increased fluorescence intensity of the formed complex and is in use for the quantification of β-glucan above a critical molecular weight (MW) by flow injection analysis. In this study, this method was applied in a fast and easy batch mode. In order to emphasize the spectral information of the emission spectra of the calcofluor/β-glucan complexes, derivative signals were calculated. A linear relationship was found between the amplitude of the second derivative signals and the β-glucan concentration between 0.1 and 0.4 μg/mL. The low detection limit of this new method (0.045 μg/mL) enabled its use to study the transport of cereal β-glucans over differentiated Caco-2 cell monolayers. Additionally, the method was applied to quantify β-glucan in arabinoxylan samples, which correlated well with data by an enzyme based method.